Within Forge you can extend your profiles or elements with extensions created by yourself or others.
When using extensions, first consult the extension registry at http://hl7.org/fhir/extensibility-registry.html or http://simplifier.net/ to find already defined extensions that may be suitable for your needs. For example, extending a Patient profile with the place of birth can be done with an already existing extension found in in the HL7 extension registry.
Editing an extension with Forge
If you cannot find an already defined extension you can make your own. From your profile folder, go to New and click New Extension (or Ctrl+E) to create a new extension. Forge shows warning messages in the lower section of the your screen highlighting the need to provide context information for this new extension. Provide this information in Properties tab of the extension. Context Type indicates if the extension extends a Resource, Datatype, Mapping or another Extension. Give the exact context by clicking the + symbol after Context. This brings you to a new screen were you can select the specific resource or datatype where the extension is allowed to be placed. If you extend on the resource level you can click Select Resource. If you extend an element first select that element and then click Select Element. Depending on where the extension may be used, you can add more context information. You can provide a canonical URL, name and other relevant information in the properties section as well.
Editing the extension context with Forge Editing the extension context with Forge
Selecting extension context in Forge Selecting Extension context in Forge
A new extension starts with one element containing a Value[X]. A Value[X] can contain all datatypes, most likely this needs to be constrained to a more specific datatype. This can be done in the Element Properties tab by selecting the wanted datatype(s). An extension containing more elements is called a complex extension. Elements can be added and removed from the extension profile with the use of the Add and Remove buttons. Added elements will be placed a level lower than the selected element.
Adding and removing elements from an extension in Forge
Add the extension to the profile¶
Note that to add extensions, they need to be available in your profile folder. So you will either need to create your own extension and save it to your profile folder or download an existing extension to your profile folder. Select the element in the Element Tree of your profile where you want to add the extension. Then, click the paperclip icon with the name Extend which is shown in the tool section above the element tree. Forge shows the extensions that are available in your profile folder.
Adding an extension to a profile in Forge
Note that you can only select extensions that are compatible with your context (e.g. when extending an AdverseEvent resource you can only select an extension that has this resource as a context). By default, incompatible extensions are listed in grey, but you can also filter on compatible extensions by checking the check box.
Showing only compatible extensions in Forge